South Sudan’s security chief uses violence to oust Kiir, SSUF chief says

September 09, 2022 (JUBA) – The former South Sudan Army Chief of Staff and leader of the South Sudan United Front (SSUF), an armed opposition formation of the coalition of southern rebel groups -Sudanese, said the director of the national security services had used violence to provoke an uprising against President Salva Kiir.

In a statement released on Thursday, Paul Malong Awan claimed that Akol Koor Kuc, Director General of the Internal Office of National Security Services, was supplying rebel factions in Upper Nile and Jonglei states to fight each other and was sending soldiers at Mundri and Nimule – Juba Road to cause havoc which would aggravate the situation with the sight of angry and injured civilians coming out and protesting Kiir’s administration.

In a statement provided to Sudan Tribune, the South Sudanese government for its part said it was aware of “ongoing crimes against humanity” on the roads and the destruction of civilian property and loss of life.

“The impunity and attacks on buses along the roads of Nimule are a national security disaster to power and continue to govern the country without elections”

“Beyond the insecurities on the roads of Nimule, the current events in the Upper Nile region that have made Fangak and Tonga the center of the conflict are the work of those who deceived President Salva Kiir and armed the militia of General Johnson Olony Thubo to attack General Gatwech Dual military outpost; and take the lives of innocent people living in the area,” the statement added.

He further alleged that a Kuc ally was seen discussing and providing military supplies in the outskirts of Tonga, an area inhabited by the Shilluk ethnic group.

Security institutions, according to Awan, have created an absence of peace by organizing violence to prevent the realization of peace for the people of South Sudan.

He called on the region, continental bodies and the international community to pressure the government to end hostilities and commit to fulfilling the promises it has made to bring peace with recalcitrant groups through through the Rome peace process.

Kuc, according to the statement, was working against the peace process.

“On August 30, 2022, during the Unified Forces graduation ceremony, President Kiir delivered a speech in which he called for the resumption of peace talks from Rome, and in various areas of the Bahr el Ghazal highways and militias pro-government armies in the Upper Nile region with the aim of attacking civilians and blaming insecurities on SSOMA (South Sudan Opposition Movement Alliance),” the statement read.

The statement bearing the signature of Colonel Philip Deng Kuol Nguot, military spokesman for the United Front of South Sudan, hailed the efforts of the African Union, IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development), countries of the Troika comprising the United Kingdom, the United States of America and Norway for their support of the Rome Peace Process for their support of the people of South Sudan in their quest for peace and stability.

Security experts say governments in weak states like South Sudan often face armed opposition and must decide whether to try to accommodate and contain that adversary or try to consolidate power and monopolize violence by disarming it.

Some security experts have used an infinite-horizon model to describe how the government of weak states in each period decides how much to offer the opposition and how quickly it attempts to consolidate power.

The opposition, according to this view, can decide to accept the offer and thus acquiesce to the government’s consolidation efforts, or it can fight to try to disrupt these efforts; In equilibrium, the government always tries to monopolize violence when it has “coercive power” against the opposition by using coercive power.

Whether the government consolidates peacefully or through costly fighting depends on the size of any “contingent loot”, which are benefits that begin to flow from an increase in economic activity resulting from the monopolization of violence and the level of higher security that comes with it.

When contingent loot is low, the government will buy off the opposition and eliminate them as quickly as peacefully possible.

When the contingent spoils are important, the government tries to monopolize the violence by defeating the opposition militarily.